Geography and Climate

Location

  • Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia and Tanzania
  • Geographic coordinates: 1°00′N 38°00′E / 1°N 38°E / 1; 38

Area

  • Total: 582 650 km²
  • Land: 569 250 km²
  • Water: 13 400 km²

Land boundaries

  • Total: 3446 km
  • Border countries: Ethiopia 830 km, Somalia 682 km, Sudan 232 km, Tanzania 769 km, Uganda 933 km

Coastline

  • 536 km along the Indian Ocean.
Weather and Climate
  • ·Kenya’s different topographical regions experience distinct climates. Generally, the hottest time is in February and March and the coldest in July and August.
  • · The coastal region is largely humid and wet. The city of Malindi, for instance, receives an average rainfall of 1,050 mm (41 in) per year, with average temperatures ranging from 21° to 32°C (70° to 90°F) in January and 20° to 29°C (68° to 84°F) in July.
  • · The low plateau area is the driest part of the country. There, the town of Wajir receives an average annual rainfall of 320 mm (13 in) and experiences average temperatures ranging from 19° to 37°C (66° to 99°F) in January and 19° to 34°C (66° to 93°F) in July.
  • · Nairobi, in the temperate Kenya highlands, receives an average annual rainfall of 790 mm (31 in) and experiences average temperatures ranging from 9° to 29°C (48° to 84°F) in January and 7° to 26°C (45° to 79°F) in July.

Rainfall & Temperature Data

Rain Fall Data - Nairobi/Kenyatta Airport - 01d S, 36d E







JAN
FEB
MAR
APR
MAY
JUN
JUL
AUG
SEP
OCT
NOV
DEC
TOTAL
mm
44.6
43
72.7
159.8
119.1
29.8
13.3
13.2
26.1
42.2
120.5
76.6
760.9
in
1.8
1.7
2.9
6.3
4.7
1.2
0.5
0.5
1
1.7
4.7
3
29.9
external image moz-screenshot.jpgKN63741.png

Terrain

  • Kenya’s terrain is composed of low plains that rise into central highlands that are, in turn, bisected by the Great Rift Valley.
Elevation extremes

  • The lowest point on Kenya is at sea level on the [Indian Ocean]. The highest point on Kenya is 4,199 meters above sea level at [Mount Kenya]
Rivers

  • The two main rivers are the Galana and the Tana. However, the Ewaso Ng'iro is a very important river supplying water from Mt. Kenya to the northern part of Kenya.
Natural resources

  • Natural resources that are found on Kenya include limestone, soda ash, salt, gemstones, fluorspar, zinc, diatomite, gypsum, wildlife and hydropower.
Land use

  • 8.01% of the land is arable. Permanent crops occupy 0.97% of the land. Other uses make up the rest of Kenya's land. (2005)
Irrigated land

  • 1030km² of Kenya' land is irrigated.
Natural hazards

  • Natural hazards include recurring drought and flooding during the rainy seasons.

References:

**www.Wikipedia.com**
http://kenya.rcbowen.com/geography/climate.html
http://www.southtravels.com/africa/kenya/weather.html
http://www.climate-charts.com/
http://www.worldclimate.com